Evangelizing Is Good and Proselytizing is Bad

The Magis Center for Faith and Science

The Magis Center was founded by Robert J. Spitzer, S.J. On its website, it says

Our Mission: To explore and share the close connection between reason and faith as revealed by new discoveries in physics and philosophy.

Fr. Spitzer is promoting the arguments for God's existence based on the Big Bang and the so-called "fine-tuning" of physical constants. These are modern versions of two of the "five ways" from Thomas Aquinas. The "first cause" of Aquinas is what caused the Big Bang, and the "designer" of Aquinas caused the mass of an electron, the universal gravitational constant, and many other constants to have values consistent with the origin and evolution of life. My metaphysics teacher in college was Norris Clarke, S.J., and I was taught that these arguments are fallacious.

On June 12, 2015, I reviewed one of his books and posted my critique on amazon.com and ezinearticles.com (Fallacious Arguments That God Exists). I also reviewed to like-minded books about God's existence (Brer Barr and Brer Rabbit and Heresy and Pseudoscience). I also wrote an article titled, "Why People Think God Caused the Big Bang," and submitted it to The Thomist on October 11, 2015. In this paper, I attempt to explain why the arguments based on science are irrational. I also suggested the psychological reason so many people to think the arguments make sense.

On June 12, 2015, I sent an email to Archbishop Charles Chaput, who is an advisor to the Magis Center along with two other bishops and three cardinals, explaining my concerns and asking for an appointment asking to see him. He refused my offer.

United States Conference of Catholic Bishops

In July, I sent emails and faxes to the bishops affiliated with the Magis Center and the Committee for Evangelization and Catechesis of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.

Letter to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, July 22, 2015

Your Eminence (Gerhard Cardinal Müller),
On February 21, 2014, I asked your office to correct the Archbishop of New York for suppressing my slideshow/lecture about the Holy Shroud. I made the same request of the Holy Father on October 1, 2014, and am now asking the College of Cardinals to correct the Pope. I translated the slideshow into 7 languages and created 7 websites. Yesterday, there were 244 visits to these websites. My correspondence with the Roman Rota is at a website titled “Complaint Against Cardinal Dolan.”

In my letter to Pope Francis, I mentioned another science-faith conflict that does not reflect well on the Catholic Church in the United States. It concerns evolutionary biology and I refer you to my website tiled, “Pseudoscience in the American Journal of Physics.”

I’v asked for a meeting with the Committee on Evangelization and Catechesis of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops to explain a third concern I have, but this request is being refused. My correspondence about this is at the above website under “Magis Center for Faith and Science.” I’v written a number of articles about this and gave the references to the USCCB.

The Magis Center is run by a Jesuit priest and promotes arguments for God’s existence based on science rather than metaphysics. Suppose the Jesuit is addressing an audience of atheists and God-fearing people. The audience has agreed to pay for the lecture afterwards if they liked the lecture. The Jesuit explains that there is no natural explanation for the Big Bang, so there must be a supernatural explanation. The God-fearers will pay up because it confirms their faith. The atheists will also pay up because the lecture will confirm their belief that people who believe in God are irrational and stupid. I would make less money because the atheists would not pay me a dime.

Asking the blessing of Your Eminence, I am, Yours respectfully in Christ, David Roemer

Archdiocese of New York

On August 4, 2015, I asked Fr. Joseph LaMorte, Chairman of the Presbyteral Council for the Archdiocese of New York, for an opportunity to explain the harm the Magis Center is doing. I enclosed the handout I would distribute at such a meeting. In a telephone conversation, Fr. LaMorte said that Cardinal Dolan did not consult with the Presbyteral Council about my slideshow/lecture on the Shroud of Turin.

Correspondence with the theology departments of Fordham University and St. John's University

Letter to Pontifical Council for the Promoting the New Evangelization, September 16, 2105

Your Excellency (Archbishop Salvatore Fisichella),
The Magis Center is located in California and has on its board three cardinals and three bishops. On July 22, 2015, I filed a complaint against the Magis Center for using arguments for God’s existence based on science (the Big Bang, fine-tuning) rather than metaphysics (a finite being needs a cause) with the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.

After writing that letter, I had an insight into why a Catholic theologian would think the Big Bang is evidence of God’s existence. Richard Dawkins refutes this argument incisively and correctly by saying: What caused God?

I sent emails and faxes and made telephone calls to the theology faculty at Fordham University, St. John’s University, and Georgetown University suggesting that I give a seminar to explain my insight. I also called and sent an email to the Rev. Msgr. Joseph R. Reilly S.T.L, Ph.D., who is the rector/dean of the Immaculate Conception Seminary School of Theology at Seton Hall University. I argued that theologians have a duty to assist the magisterium of the Catholic Church and should listen to what I had to say.

Since no one expressed an interest, I wrote up my ideas and submitted an article to Science, Religion and Culture. The editor is Gregg D. Caruso, who is a professor at Corning Community College in New York. I listed Msgr. Reilly and the chairmen of the theology departments of St. John’s and Fordham as my reviewers of choice.

If you want, I will email or fax the article (“Why People Believe God Caused the Big Bang”) to you. I would prefer to explain it in person where there would be give and take. Communicating with written documents requires intelligent and knowledgeable writing and reading.
Very truly yours, David Roemer
faxed to +39 0669869521

Ave Maria Radio: Build the Church, Bless the Nation

Letter mailed on March 1, 2016, to Archbishop Allen Vigneron (Detroit), Bishop Earl Boyea (Lansing), and Bishop Joseph Cistone (Saginaw):

On July 22, 2015, I mailed a letter of complaint to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith against a Catholic organization for promoting irrational arguments for God’s existence, and thereby undermining the Church’s teaching that we know God exists from reason. This letter is on a website titled “Rational Arguments for God’s Existence: Evangelizing is Good and Proselytizing is Bad.” On October 26, 2015, I submitted a manuscript titled, “Why People Believe God Caused the Big Bang,” to The Review of Metaphysics. This article suggests a psychological explanation based on cognitive dissonance for why people find “god-of-gaps” arguments rational and intelligent.

The website of Ave Maria Radio has you listed as an advisor. I am writing to suggest that you either disassociate yourself with that organization or give its personnel some advice. I started a topic on God’s existence on its forum titled, “Defenders of the Catholic Faith.” I am under the impression that about 200 people were following the discussion. I got to explain why atheists are right about the scientific arguments, but did not get to explain why we know God exists because I was banned from making any further comments. In addition to the forum, Ave Maria Radio has numerous radio programs. I sent an email to all 17 hosts with more detailed information about what I posted and what the responses were. The President and the hosts have ignored by emails.
Respectfully yours in Christ, David Roemer

Interview on Church and Culture of Ave Maria Radio

Letter from the Review of Metaphysics dated January 8, 2016

Dear Dr. Roemer,
Thank you for the opportunity to read your essay, “Why People Believe God Caused the Big Bang.” It is well crafted and I am sure would command an appreciative audience. Unfortunately, given its present commitments, the Review is not in a position to accept it.

Your interest in the Review is appreciated, and I hope you will consider it again in the future.

With all good wishes, I am Sincerely yours,
John C. McCarthy, Editor

Letter to Master of the Order of Preachers, March 25, 2016

Dear Fr. Bruno Cadoré,
Upon information and belief, the Congregation of the Doctrine of the Faith and the Holy Father want me to instruct the Catholic Church in the United States about the authenticity of the Shroud of Turin, the arguments for God’s existence, and evolutionary biology. To this end, I am hereby offering to give developmental lessons to the faculty at the Dominican House of Studies in Washington, D.C., about these topics. My correspondence about these matters is at websites titled

  1. Rational Arguments for God’s Existence: Evangelizing is Good and Proselytizing is Bad (http://www.newevangelist.me)
  2. Complaint Against Cardinal Dolan: Science and the Catholic Church (http://www.dkroemer.com)
  3. Pseudoscience in the American Journal of Physics (http://www.pseudoscience123.com)

What prompts this offer is that The Thomist rejected the article I submitted about #1. I don’t think the reviewer understood the part of the essay that I consider to be an important insight into why people don’t agree about the arguments for the existence of God. I have since submitted the article to the Review of Metaphysics. You can find the essay at

I submitted an article titled, “Science, Metaphysics, Philosophy, History, and Theology of the Shroud of Turin,” to a conference of the Shroud of Turin sponsored by the Italy Section of Institute of Electrical and Electronics and Engineers. It was rejected, but I filed an ethics complaint against the conference organizers, which include a consultant to the Custodian of the Shroud of Turin, for practicing pseudoscience. The IEEE dismissed my complaint, but withdrew its sponsorship of the conference.

Concerning biological evolution, my efforts to get the American Journal of Physics to retract and absurd article about evolution and thermodynamics are included in
Very truly yours, David Roemer
Sent by registered mail

Correspondence with the Pontifical Academy of Sciences

Prof. Werner Arber
Department of Microbiology
University of Basel
Klingelbergstrasse 70
CH-4056 Basel, Switzerland
Dear Prof. Arber,
Upon information and belief, the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith wants me to instruct the Catholic Church in the U.S. about the arguments for God's existence, the authenticity of the Holy Shroud, and evolutionary biology. I am hereby formally requesting a personal interview with you to explain why you should support this mission.

In my opinion, all of the reasons for believing Jesus is alive in a new life with God can be put into three categories: historical Jesus, arguments for God’s existence, and the character defects of people who do not believe in life after death:
  1. The historical Jesus involves science because the Shroud of Turin raises the scientific question of how the image was created.
  2. The arguments for God’s existence involves science because many people think scientific phenomena, like the Big Bang, is evidence of God’s existence rather than a reason to believe in the Bible.
  3. Believers and non-believers promote pseudoscience about evolutionary biology.

All of my correspondence with the Catholic Church is summarized at:

  1. https://www.academia.edu/23340072/WHY_PEOPLE_BELIEVE_GOD_CAUSED_THE_BIG_BANG
  2. "Rational Arguments For God's Existence: Evangelizing Is Good and Proselytizing Is Bad" (http://www.newevangelist.me)
  3. https://www.academia.edu/25681124/Science_Metaphysics_Philosophy_Theology_History_and_the_Holy_Shroud
  4. "Canonical Complaint Against Cardinal Dolan: Science and the Catholic Church" (http://www.dkroemer.com)
  5. https://www.academia.edu/20939526/An_Analogy_Between_Nazi_Germany_and_the_United_States
  6. "Pseudoscience in the American Journal of Physics" (http://www.pseudoscience123.com)

I had a two-hour interview with James H. Fetzer on May 16. It was his 200th show and is titled, "Science and Religion" (https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLsfS5KpYMzb20sCxyfSotfX1ELkIBrXZ3).
Very truly yours, David Roemer

Academic Freedom and Columbia University

On September 22, 2016, I sent following letter to the President and General Counsel of Columbia University:
Dear Mr. Bollinger,
I am a retired New York City high school teacher, and I'd like to give the students and faculty of Columbia University a learner-centered lesson on the arguments for God's existence. I'v attached the hand-out I would use. My ideas about the topic are expressed in this articled: Why People Believe God Caused the Big Bang.

On Sept. 15, I communicated this offer to the University Chaplain in an email. There was no response to this email, however, I got a call from your Department of Public Safety and met with Deidre Fuchs and a member of her staff in Low Library this afternoon. Ms. Fuchs told me that Chaplain Davis was not interested in sponsoring such an event. Ms. Fuchs also said that Chaplain Davis discussed the matter with all of the Religious Life Advisors on her staff and that no one was interested in my offer. Ms. Fuchs also told me that I would be guilty of harassment if I contacted the Religious Life Leaders with my offer. I understand this to be a threat to file a civil or criminal charges against me if send emails, write letters, or telephone the various Religious Life Advisors with my offer. I am writing to warn you that any legal action taken against me for contacting the members of the Religious Life Advisors will be result in a civil action by me against Columbia U.
Very truly yours,
David Roemer

On October 13, 2016, the General Counsel of Columbia University sent me this letter:
Dear Mr. Roemer,
I am following up on your phone conversation with Deidre Fuchs yesterday. Please cease communicating with the members of the Columbia community. If you continue to reach out to the member of the community, further contact could be perceived as harassment.

If you have any further questions or concerns, you can contact Executive Director Fuchs. Thank you in advance for your cooperation with this matter.
Jane E. Booth

First Amendment Lawsuit Against Columbia University
I filed a complaint against Jane E. Booth with the Attorney Grievance Committee of the New York State Unified Court System on October 18, 2016. On January 5, 2017, the Attorney Grievance Committee said Ms. Booth did not violate the New York Rules of Professional Conduct. On January 30, 2017, I filed a complaint in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York against Ms. Booth and the Attorney Grievance Committee. On February 13, 2017, I filed an amended complaint and added the President of Columbia University as a defendant. On February 23, 2017, the District Judge dismissed the complaint. I filed a brief with the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit on March 27, 2017. On June 23, 2017, after the attorney for Ms. Booth filed a responding brief, I requested oral argument. This request was accepted and scheduled for the week of January 16, 2018.

Academic Freedom and the National Association of Scholars

In my last email to Herb London and Peter Wyatt Wood I accused them both of “lying through their teeth” in telling me that the NAS was not interested in my allegation that the Columbia U. is violating the academic freedom of its students and faculty.

The initial negative response of the NAS to my request was verbal. My email says that I, a retired high school teacher, have something worthwhile to say about the arguments for God’s existence. My email also says that a peer-reviewed article about evolution in the American Journal of Physics is absurd. The NAS’s initial response was perfectly understandable.

However, Mr. Wood took on the roll of defending Columbia U. by sending me a two-page email. Mr. Wood thought that I was promoting the “argument by design” when I am against this argument. My contribution to knowledge, I believe, is that I have a theory that explains why people think the “argument by design” makes sense. Mr. Wood also mentioned my article about Nazi Germany and the U.S. even though this has nothing to do with my accusation against Columbia U.

I responded to Mr. Wood by pointing out his errors. Instead of apologizing for his mistakes, he simply repeated his initial rejection. I am perfectly justified in thinking that Mr. Wood understands that Columbia U. and the American Journal of Physics are wrong and that I am right.

Thomas Aquinas said that to be in error is a moral flaw because we choose to be in error. If Wood and London are wrong they are liars, and if I am wrong I am a liar. A file of all my correspondence with the NAS is attached. I'v attached a revised version of the handout I would use in my lesson about God's existence.

The above is an email I sent to the following members of the NAS.
Daniel Asia, Jay Bergman, Peter Berkowitz, Felicia Chernesky, Ward Connerly, Midge Decter, George Dent, David Gordon, Gail Heriot, Donald Kagan, Spencer Kashmanian, Thomas Klingenstein, Robert Koons, Leslie Lenkowsky, Thomas Lindsay, Herbert London, Harvey Mansfield, B.Ong, Rachelle Peterson, David Randall, Glenn Ricketts, Norm Rogers, Barry Smith, Christina Sommers, Sandra Stotsky, Stephan Thernstrom, Ashley Thorne, Ivan Vajdle, Richard Vedder, Bradley Watson, Amy Wax, Keith Whitaker, Peter Wood

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Letter sent to National Association for Science Education

I have appealed a dismissed First Amendment lawsuit against Columbia University to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit (see Roemer v. Attorney General Grievance Committee, Docket No. 17-818). If you get a PACER account, you can read my brief and the papers filed in the district court. For your convenience, I'v attached the brief.

The National Center for Science Education (NCSE) on its website has a page titled, "The Ten Major Court Cases about Evolution and Creationism." The Tennessee law in the famous Scopes Monkey Trial (1925) is the same as the law the Supreme Court of the United States invalidated in Epperson v. Arkansas (1968). Epperson is discussed below and the Tennessee case is on a supplementary list of 21 cases. My lawsuit is directly related to these lawsuits.

In Epperson v. Arkansas (1968), the United States Supreme Court invalidated an Arkansas statute that says,

It shall be unlawful for any teacher or other instructor in any University,..... to teach the theory or doctrine that mankind ascended or descended from a lower order of animals...

The 10th paragraph of my complaint explains why it is a scientific fact that mankind did not evolve from animals just as it is a scientific fact that mental beings, such as Santa Claus, did not evolve from animals.

In McLean v. Arkansas Board of Education (1982), a district court invalidated an Arkansas statute that says,

Public schools within this State shall give balanced treatment to creation-science and to evolution-science.

The ruling in this case is very similar to the ruling in Kitzmiller v. Dover (2005), which concerned the theory of biological evolution called Intelligent Design I (ID). ID is an example of “creation-science.” “Evolution-science” refers to the study of biological evolution.

There is a very close connection to my 11th paragraph, which states the rational cosmological argument for God's existence. It is pretty clear to me, most federal judges, and many others that “creation-science” is a left-handed way of arguing that God exists. In other words, “creation-science” is a kind of cosmological argument for God's existence.

In the United States, many humanists have a church, a pastor, and a creed. What makes humanism a religion under the First Amendment, however, is the fact that humanists discriminate against people who believe in God. Humanists also consciously and unconsciously disseminate misinformation about history and science to promote their religion. An example of discrimination can be found in Wikipedia’s entry titled, “Sternberg peer review controversy.”

The NCSE in its summary of Epperson says that the law "prohibited the teaching of evolution." This is not true as my direct quotation proves. The movie “Inherit the Wind” about the Scopes Monkey Trial disseminates the same information about the Tennessee law.

Biologists, of course, understand evolutionary biology, but in the United States many non-biologists do not because of anti-religion propaganda. What follows is a list of truths many non-biologists in the United States don’t know:

  1. Charles Darwin contributed nothing to biological evolution. Pierre Louis Maupertuis in the 18th century and al-Jāḥiẓ in the 9th century invented the theory of natural selection. Darwin was a propagandist for eugenics, which is a form of racism.
  2. The biological evolution of animals was taught in Tennessee and Arkansas in the 19th century.
  3. The theory of evolution is more accurately called the theory of common descent with modifications because of how rapidly bacteria evolved into elephants and how much more complex an elephant is than a bacteria.
  4. The branch of science called biology does not address the mind-body problem because the mind-body problem is a philosophical or metaphysical question.
  5. Natural selection is just one mechanism for explaining common descent. Three other mechanisms are epigenetics, natural genetic engineering, and facilitated variation. All these mechanisms only explain why giraffes have long necks, not how giraffes descended from worms. No biologist claims these mechanisms explain common descent.
  6. Biological evolution does not violate the second law of thermodynamics because the second law does not apply to biological systems, not because of energy supplied by the Sun.

The American Journal of Physics published an absurd article titled “Entropy and Evolution” (November 2008) with a calculation proving that #6 is not true. My correspondence about this scandal is at: http://www.pseudoscience123.com.

Correspondence with the BioLogos FoundationCorrespondence with Philosophy Professor at the U. of Central Arkansas

The following essay includes an account of the Sternberg scandal:

An Analogy Between Nazi Germany and the United States

Correspondence with Richard Dawkins and Jerry Coyne

Dear Richard,
You or someone using your name posted a comment to:


I am the plaintiff-appellant in the referred to lawsuit. I'v attached my brief and the request for oral argument, which request was granted. If you get a Public Access to Court Records (PACER) account you can see all of the pleadings (Second Circuit, 17-0818).
Very truly yours, David Roemer

Dear Jerry,
Thanks for posting my links. My article comparing American scientists with Nazis went from 866 views to 1035 views. I'v been sending out this email to get more views:

A biologist from the U. of Chicago has discovered a pending lawsuit about teaching evolution:


This is not the first time you have promoted my essays:


I am a licensed high school science teacher in New York State and have more authority than you to teach evolutionary biology. I learned evolutionary biology by reading biology textbooks, peer-reviewed articles, and scholarly works. A work is not scholarly if it mentions creationism or intelligent design.
Very truly yours, David Roemer

Interview on Ave Maria Radio on Lawsuit against Columbia University

A version of the letter to the Pontifical Academy of Sciences was faxed to the following bishops and cardinals in the Catholic Church:

Jose Fuerte Advincula, Archdiocese of Capiz
Bernardo Álvarez Afonso, Diocese of o Tenerife San Cristóbal de La Laguna
Oswaldo Estéfano Escobar Aguilar, Diocese of Chalatenango
José Luis Escobar Alas, Archdiocese of San Salvador
Javier Augusto Del Río Alba, Archdiocese of Arequipa
Francesco, Alfano, Archdiocese of Sorrento-Castellammare di Stabia
Miguel Ángel Cabello Almada, Diocese of Concepción en Paraguay
Gerald Almeida , Diocese of Jabalpur
Antony Anandarayar, Archdiocese of Pondicherry and Cuddalore
Ricardo Ezzati Andrello, Archdiocese of Santiago de Chile
José Antonio Eguren Anselmi, Archdiocese of Piura
Marco, Arnolfo, Archdiocese of Vercelli
Francisco Pardo Artigas, Diocese of Girona
Paolo Mario Virgilio Atzei, Archdiocese of Sassari
Eric Marie Pierre Henri Aumonier, Diocese of Versailles
Thumma Bala, Archdiocese of Hyderabad
Jaume Pujol Balcells, Archdiocese of Tarragona
Lorenzo Baldisseri, Synod of Bishops
Philippe Gabriel Marie Augustin Ballot, Archdiocese of Chambéry
Julián Barrio Barrio, Archdiocese of Santiago de Compostela
Sylvain Jean-Luc Bataille, Diocese of Saint-Etienne
Hans-Josef Becker, Archdiocese of Paderborn
Ginés Ramón García Beltrán, Diocese of Guadix
Jorge Mario Bergoglio, Catholic Church
Rigoberto Corredor Bermúdez, Diocese of Pereira
Vincenzo Bertolone, Archdiocese of Catanzaro-Squillace
Francis Victor Bestion, Diocese of Tulle
Giuseppe Betori, Archdiocese of Florence
Justin Joseph Bianchini, Diocese of Geraldton
Dominique Marie Joseph Blanchet, Diocese of Belfort-Montbéliard
Renato Boccardo, Archdiocese of Spoleto-Norcia
Donald Joseph Bolen, Archdiocese of Regina
Johan Jozef Bonny, Diocese of Antwerp
Robert Ovide Bourgon, Diocese of Moosonee
Rafael Zornoza Boy, Diocese of Cádiz y Ceuta
Stephen Brislin, Archdiocese of Cape Town
Francesco Giovanni Brugnaro, Archdiocese of Camerino-San Severino Marche
Antonio Buoncristiani, Archdiocese of Siena-Colle di Val d’Elsa-Montalcino
Stephan Burger, Archdiocese of Freiburg im Breisgau
Carlos Bürgler, Vicariate Apostolic of Reyes
Francesco Cacucci, Archdiocese of Bari-Bitonto
Sergio Alfredo Gualberti Calandrina, Archdiocese of Santa Cruz de la Sierra
Domenico Caliandro, Archdiocese of Brindisi-Ostuni
Pierre-Marie Joseph Carré, Archdiocese of Montpellier
Norberto Rivera Carrera, Archdiocese of México
Benvenuto Italo Castellani , Archdiocese of Lucca
Santos Abril y Castelló, Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore
Michele Castoro, Archdiocese of Manfredonia-Vieste-San Giovanni Rotondo
Raymond Michel René Centène, Diocese of Vannes
Emmanuel Hanna Challita , Eparchy of Mar Addai of Toronto
Manuel José Macário do Nascimento Clemente, Patriarchate of Lisbon
Francesco, Coccopalmerio, Pontifical Council for the Legislative Texts
John Dennis Corriveau, Diocese of Nelson
Eugenio Coter, Vicariate Apostolic of Pando
Lucien Jacques Marie Joseph Crepy, Diocese of Le Puy-en-Velay
Mariano Crociata, Diocese of Latina-Terracina-Sezze-Priverno
Blase Joseph Cupich, Archdiocese of Chicago
Pierre Paul Oscar d’Ornellas, Archdiocese of Rennes
Marcel Damphousse, Diocese of Sault Sainte Marie
Gonzalo Duarte García de Cortázar, Diocese of Valparaíso
Genival Saraiva de França, Archdiocese of Paraíba
Guy André Marie de Kérimel, Diocese of Grenoble-Vienne
Joaquin Maria López de Andújar y Cánovas del Castillo, Diocese of Getafe
Jesus Armamento Dosado, Archdiocese of Ozamis
Christophe Dufour, Archdiocese of Aix
Brian Joseph Dunn, Diocese of Antigonish
Stanislaw Dziwisz, Archdiocese of Kraków
Willem Jacobus Eijk, Archbishop of Utrecht
Harry Entwistle, Our Lady of the Southern Cross
Péter Erdo, Archdiocese of Esztergom-Budapest
Ronald Peter Fabbro , Diocese of London
Francisco Javier Martínez Fernández, Archdiocese of Granada
Salvatore Fisichella, Pontifical Council for Promoting New Evangelization
John Fleming, Diocese of Killala
Maurice Marcel Gardès, Archdiocese of Auch
François Charles Garnier, Archdiocese of Cambrai
Lorenzo Ghizzoni, Archdiocese of Ravenna-Cervia
Slawoj Leszek Glódx , Archdiocese of Gdansk
Demetrio Fernández González, Diocese of Córdoba
Francisco Pérez González, Archdiocese of Pamplona y Tudela
Gary Michael Gordon, Diocese of Victoria
Jean-Pierre Grallet, Archdiocese of Strasbourg
Domenico Graziani, Archdiocese of Crotone-Santa Severina
Salvatore Gristina, Archdiocese of Catania
Ricardo Ernesto Centellas Guzmán, Diocese of Potosí
Mark Andrew Hagemoen, Diocese of Mackenzie-Fort Smith
Guy Harpigny, Diocese of Tournai
Carlos López Hernández, Diocese of Salamanca
Ralph Heskett. Diocese of Hallam
Stefan Hesse, Archdiocese of Hamburg
François Michel Pierre Kalist, Diocese of Limoges
Heiner Koch, Archdiocese of Berlin
Rodolfo Pedro Wirz Kraemer, Diocese of Maldonado-Punta del Este
Anthony Wieslaw Krótki, Diocese of Churchill-Baie d’Hudson
Piotr Kryk, Apostolic Exarchate of Deutschland und Skandinavien
Jean-Pierre Kutwa, Archdiocese of Abidjan
Jean Marie Henri Legrez, Archdiocese of Albi
Roberto Lückert León, Archdiocese of Coro
Reinaldo del Prette Lissot, Archdiocese of Valencia en Venezuela
Antonio Cañizares Llovera, Archdiocese of Valencia
Rogelio Cabrera López, Archdiocese of Monterrey
Valter Dario Maggi, Diocese of Ibarra
Amadeo Rodríguez Magro, Diocese of Jaén
Ernesto Mandara, Suburbicarian See of Sabina-Poggio Mirteto
Tomislav Koljatic Maroevic, Diocese of Linares
Julián López Martín, Diocese of León
Raffaello Martinelli, Suburbicarian See of Frascati
Atilano Rodríguez Martínez, Diocese of Sigüenza-Guadalajara
César Augusto Franco Martínez, Diocese of Segovia
Andrea Bruno Mazzocato, Archdiocese of Udine
Scott Cal McCaig, Military Ordinariate of Canada
Ruben Antonio González Medina, Diocese of Ponce
Polito Rodríguez Méndez, Diocese of San Carlos de Venezuela
José Domingo Ulloa Mendieta, Archdiocese of Panamá
Arrigo Miglio, Archdiocese of Cagliari
Guillermo Rodrigo Teodoro Ortiz Mondragón, Diocese of Cuautitlán
Manuel Sánchez Monge, Diocese of Santander
José Leonardo L emos Montanet, Diocese of Orense
Francisco Montenegro, Archdiocese of Agrigento
Edmundo Luis Flavio Abastoflor Montero, Archdiocese of La Paz
Constantino Barrera Morales, Diocese of Sonsonate
Eusebio Ramos Morales, Diocese of Fajardo-Humacao
Yvon-Joseph Moreau, Diocese of Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pocatière
Luigi Moretti, Archdiocese of Salerno-Campagna-Acerno
Joseph Paul Pierre Morissette, Diocese of Saint-Jérôme
Giuseppe Fiorini Morosini, Archdiocese of Reggio Calabria-Bova
Fernando Bascopé Müller, Military Ordinariate of Bolivia
Gerhard Ludwig Müller, Congregation for the Doctrine of Faith
Juan Maria Florindo Agurto Muñoz, Diocese of San Carlos de Ancud
Juan María Huerta Muro, Territorial Prelature of El Salto
Jean-Philippe Paul Nault, Diocese of Digne
Joseph Phuong Nguyen, Diocese of Kanloops
Vincent Gerard Nichols, Archdiocese of Westminster
Francescantonio Nolè, Archdiocese of Cosenza-Bisignano
Cesare Nosiglia, Archdiocese of Torino
Jabulani Adatus Nxumalo, Archdiocese of Bloemfontein
Sean Patrick O'Malley, Archdiocese of Boston
Gregory O’Kelly, Diocese of Port Pirie
Juan José Omella i Omella, Archdiocese of Barcelona
José Francisco Robles Ortega, Archdiocese of Guadalajara
Marc Ouellet, Congregation for Bishops
Julio Edgar Cabrera Ovalle, Diocese of Jalapa
Franz-Josef Overbeck, Military Ordinariate of Germany
Edward Ozorowski, Archdiocese of Bialystok
Benigno Luigi Papa, Archdiocese of Messina-Lipari-Santa Lucia del Mela
Salvatore Pappalardo, Archdiocese of Siracusa
Mauro Parmeggiani, Diocese of Tivoli
Pietro Parolin, Secretary of State
Jesús Juárez Párraga, Archdiocese of Sucre
Juan José Asenjo Pelegrina, Archdiocese of Sevilla
Vincenzo Pelvi, Archdiocese of Foggia-Bovino
Michele Pennisi, Archdiocese of Monreale
Laurent Jean Lucien Marie Percerou, Diocese of Moulins
Cástor Oswaldo Azuaje Pérez, Diocese of Trujillo
Ricardo Blázquez Pérez, Archdiocese of Valladolid
Braulio Rodríguez Plaza, Archdiocese of Toledo
Raymond Poisson, Diocese of Joliette
Georges Paul Pontier, Archdiocese of Marseille
Terrence Thomas Prendergast, Archdiocese of Ottawa
Ángel Javier Pérez Pueyo, Diocese of Barbastro-Monzón
Agustín Roberto Radrizzani, Archdiocese of Mercedes-Luján
Luc Marie Daniel Ravel, Military Ordinariate of France
Gino Reali , Diocese of Porto-Santa Rufino
Carlo Roberto Maria Redaelli, Archdiocese of Gorizia
Jean-Pierre Bernard Ricard, Archdiocese of Bordeaux
David L. Ricken, Archdiocese of Greenbay
Enrique Manuel Hernández Rivera, Diocese of Caguas
André Rivest, Diocese of Chicoutimi
Sérgio da Rocha, Archdiocese of Brasília
José Francisco Ulloa Rojas, Diocese of Cartago
Antonio Santarsiero Rosa, Diocese of Huacho
Stefano Russo, Diocese of Fabriano-Matelica
Stanislaw Rylko, Pontifical Council for the Laity
Gregorio Martínez Sacristán, Diocese of Zamora
Diego Rafael Padrón Sánchez, Archdiocese of Cumaná
Leonardo Sandri, Congregation of the Oriental Churches
Filippo Santoro, Archdiocese of Taranto
Giuseppe Satriano, Archdiocese of Rossano-Cariati
Odilo Pedro Scherer, Archdiocese Sao Paulo
Angelo Scola, Archdiocese of Milano
Vicente Juan Segura , Diocese of Ibiza
Crescenzio Sepe, Archdiocese of Naples
Jonny Eduardo Reyes Sequera , Vicariate Apostolic of Puerto Ayacucho
Ubaldo Ramón Santana Sequera, Archdiocese of Maracaibo
Joan Enric Vives Sicilia, Diocese of Urgell
Noël Simard, Diocese of Valleyfield
Francesco Sirufo, Archdiocese of Acerenza
Leopoldo José Brenes Solórzano, Archdiocese of Managua
Agustín Cortés Soriano, Diocese of Sant Feliu de Llobregat
Jesús Murgui Soriano, Diocese of Orihuela-Alicante
Orazio Soricelli, Archdiocese of Amalfi-Cava de’ Tirreni
Stefan Soroka, Metropolitan Archeparchy of Philadelphia
Ambrogio Spreafico, Diocese of Frosinone-Veroli-Ferentino
Beniamino Stella, Congregation for the Clergy
Carlos Manuel Escribano Subías, Diocese of Calahorra y La Calzada-Logroño
Giovanni Tani, Archdiocese of Urbino-Urbania-Sant’Angelo in Vado
Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne, Archdiocese of Lima
Carlos José Tissera, Diocese of Quilmes
Jean-Claude Turcotte, Archdiocese of Montréal
Norbert José Henri Turini, Diocese of Perpignan-Elne
Laurent Bernard Marie Ulrich, Archdiocese of Lille
Tommaso Valentinetti, Archdiocese of Pescara-Penne
Lucas Van Looy, Diocese of Gent
Rémy Victor Vancottem, Diocese of Namur
Neri Menor Vargas, Diocese of Huánuco
Giuseppe Versaldi, Congregation for Catholic Education
Gerardo Melgar Viciosa, Diocese of Ciudad Real
Enrique Benavent Vidal, Diocese of Tortosa
Cándido Cárdenas Villalba, Diocese of Benjamín Aceval
Javier Salinas Viñals, Diocese of Mallorca
Francis Joseph Walmsley, Military Ordinariate of Great Britain
Rainer Maria Woelki, Archdiocese of Cologne
Flavio Calle Zapata, Archdiocese of Ibagué
Georges Kahhalé Zouhaïraty, Apostolic Exarchate of Venezuela

Catholics Affiliated with the Magis Center or Committee for Evangelization and Catechesis of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops:
Robert Spitzer, President of Magis Center
Charles Chaput, Archbishop of Philadelphia
Kevin Vann, Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Orange
Robert Scherrer, Chairman of Physics Department at Vanderbilt University
Jose Horacio Gomez, Archdiocese of Los Angeles
Arthur Serratelli, Bishop of Paterson
David Ricken, Bishop of Greenbay
Donald Wuerl, Archbishop of Washington D.C.
Leonard Blair, Bishop of Hartford
Paul Manning, Diocese of Paterson
Lorenzo Baldisseri, Secretary General of the Synod of Bishops
Frank Caggiano, Bishop of Bridgeport

Department of Theology and Religious Studies at St. John's University
Christopher P. Vogt, Chair
Christopher D. Denny
Rev. Robert Adamo
Rev. Stephen Bicsko
Douglas Blaine
Ben Bortin
Elizabeth Brim
Rev. Thomas Caserta
Hoon Choi
Meghan J. Clark
Francis D. Connolly-Weinert
Jeremy V. Cruz
Michael Dempsey
Eileen Fagan, S.C.
Peggy Fanning, C.S.J.
John J. Fitzgerald
Rev. Patrick Flanagan, C.M.
Andrea Florendo
Rev. Joseph Gibino
Colleen Greaney
David W. Haddorff
James Hannan
Nicholas M. Healy
Joann Heaney-Hunter
Fred Herron
Mary Jane Kelly
Sally Kenel
Erin Kidd
Mark Kiley
Rev. James King
Barbara Kosakowski
Rev. Richard Long
Marian Maskulak
Paul D. Molnar
Mary Ann Muller
Patrick Okafor
Carole Pacula
Rev. Robert Pagliari
Rabbi Mayer Perelmuter
Edward Prager
Habibeh Rahim
Robert Jay Rivera
Joseph Roach
Daniel Rober
Rev. Jean-Pierre Ruiz
Debora Semar
Rabbi Hirsch Simckes
Mariann Smith
Denis Sugrue
Matthew Lewis Sutton
Peter Taras
Tenny Thomas
Julia A. Upton, R.S.M.
Roberta VanBuskirk
Monserrat Washburn
Rev. Michael D. Whalen, C.M.

Department of Theology at Fordham University
Joseph M. McShane, SJ, President of Fordham University
J. Patrick Hornbeck II, Chair
Aristotle Papanikolaou
Barbara Andolsen
Benjamin Dunning
Bradford E. Hinze
Brenna Moore
Charles C. Camosy
Christiana Peppard
Christine Firer Hinze
George Demacopoulos
Harry P. Nasuti
James McCartin
James T. Fisher
Jeannine Hill Fletcher
John Seitz
Judith M. Kubicki, CSSF
Kathryn Kueny
Kathryn Reklis
Larry L. Welborn
Mary Callaway
Michael E. Lee
Michael Peppard
Richard R. Viladesau
Robert G. Davis
Thomas Scirghi, SJ
Sarit Kattan Gribetz
Karina Martin Hogan
Elizabeth A. Johnson, CSJ
Joseph T. Lienhard, SJ
Aristotle Papanikolaou
Maureen A. Tilley
Terrence W. Tilley
John Denniston
Matthew Lootens
Kathryn Reinhard
Joshua Schapiro
Krista Stevens
Joseph W. Koterski, SJ

The Pontifical Faculty of the Immaculate Conception at the Dominican House of Studies
Very Rev. Kenneth R. Letoile, OP, Prior Provincial
Very Rev. John A. Langlois, OP, President
Rev. Thomas Petri, OP
Rev. Joseph Alobaidi, OP
Rev. Steven C. Boguslawski, OP
Rev. Basil B. Cole, OP
Dr. Gregory LaNave
Rev. Gabriel B. O’Donnell, OP
Rev. Stephen D. Ryan, OP
Rev. Thomas Joseph White, O. P.
Rev. Brian P. Chrzastek, OP
Rev. John D. Corbett, OP
Rev. Andrew Hofer, OP
Rev. John Baptist Ku, OP
Dr. Jody Vaccaro Lewis
Rev. Timothy Bellamah, OP
Certificate of Mailing to Fr. Bellamah
Rev. James Brent, OP
Dr. Brian Carl
Rev. Anthony Giambrone, OP
Rev. Dominic M. Langevin, OP
Rev. Dominic D. F. Legge, OP
Rev. Albert Trudel, OP
Rev. Seraphim Beshoner, TOR
Rev. Msgr. J. Brian Bransfield
Sr. John Mary Fleming, OP
Dr. Christopher Gross
Rev. Carleton Jones, OP
Ms. Sofia Seguel
Rev. Thomas Weinandy, O.F.M. Cap.
Dr. Jem Sullivan
Rev. George P. Schommer, OP

The Immaculate Conception Seminary School of Theology of Seton Hall University
Rev. Msgr. Joseph R. Reilly, S.T.L., Ph.D., Rector and Dean
Rev. Robert K. Suszko, M.B.A., M.Div
Rev. Msgr. Gerard H. McCarren, S.T.D.
Rev. Christopher M. Ciccarino, S.S.L., S.T.D.
Dianne M. Traflet, J.D., S.T.D.
Rev. Hong-Ray Cho, S.T.L., Ph.D.
Justin Anderson, Ph.D.
Rev. Renato Bautista, M.Div.
Rev. W. Jerome Bracken, C.P., Ph.D.
Rev. Msgr. Joseph Chapel, S.T.D.
Rev. John Cryan, M.Div.
Timothy Fortin, Ph.D.
Rev. Pablo Gadenz, S.S.L.,S.T.D.
Gregory Glazov, D.Phil. (Oxon.)
Rev. Thomas Guarino, S.T.D.
Eric Johnston, Ph.D.
Rev. Douglas Milewski, S.T.D.
Jeffrey Morrow, Ph.D.
Rev. Lawrence Porter, Ph.D.
Joseph Rice, Ph.D.
Ellen Scully, Ph.D.
Victor Velarde-Mayol, Ph.D.
Rev. Msgr. Robert Wister, Hist.Eccl.D.
Rev. Peter Albano, Ph.D.
Rev. Donald Blumenfeld, Ph.D.
Julie Burkey, D.Min.
Diane Carr, M.A.
Rev. John Chadwick, S.T.D.
Rev. Msgr. Robert Coleman, J.C.D.
Rev. Msgr. T. Mark Condon, J.C.D.
Rev. Msgr. John Fell
Rev. Stephen Fichter, Ph.D.
David Hajduk, M.A., Ph.D.(cand.)
Rev. Msgr. Raymond Kupke, Ph.D.
Rev. Krzysztof Maslowski, S.T.D.
Fr. William McDonald, S.T.D.,S.T.B.
Rev. Daniel O'Mullane, S.T.L.,S.T.B.
Rev. Roberto Ortiz, S.T.L.
Rev. Charles Pinyan, D.Min. (cand.)
Rev. Msgr. John Radano, Ph.D.
Deacon Andrew Saunders, M.A.
Allan F. Wright
Rev. Msgr. C. Anthony Ziccardi, S.T.D.,S.S.L.
John Nowik, M.M.

Francis X. Clooney, S.J.
Michael Rossmann, S.J.